Author Archives: admin

HIV infection? All live and I will live

When we learn something new for ourselves and, most likely, new to our friends, we always try to share this information with as many people as possible.

Especially if this “something” refers to issues of health and well-being. For me, such important information has recently become knowledge about HIV infection. Fortunately, only in theory. But nevertheless, this topic has strongly affected me and I decided that it is simply obliged to protect my relatives, friends and acquaintances. I talked with many people about how to get infected, destroyed the stereotypes that met every second person, recommended taking an HIV test, etc. There were different reactions – someone refused to talk about this at all, someone listened and even entered into discussions … But there were several reactions that made me think very hard and even get a little scared.

“You say that you can live with HIV, give birth to children. Then why so much panic to breed. Well, I get sick – I’ll just live with it, get treated. ”

These words sounded as easily as if we were talking about a cold or chickenpox. The man did not joke, did not doubt his words. He was sure that everything I heard from me does not require serious attitude, that no one day of his life needs rethinking. With the same success, he could tell me that no HIV exists and that he supports HIV-dissidents. But what is this? Protective reaction of the psyche, ignorance and unwillingness to know or misinterpret everything that is shown in the materials of social advertising, is written in blogs and told by HIV-positive people?

Why did I decide to write about this position? It’s simple – because such thoughts do not arise by chance, because such thoughts are dangerous and I would like to convince those who are also self-confident like my friend to be their column.

Yes, in the modern world, HIV-positive people actually live in less fear than their predecessors – they have the opportunity to be treated, create full-fledged families and, most importantly, they cease to be classified as “rogue society.” And of all the commercials of social advertising we are looking at enough and, to the best of our ability, happy people. And maybe at the moments of watching videos such thoughts are born. But it turns out that none of these “thinkers” think about what lies behind these happy faces. Yes, they have families, have a job and a future, but they also have a fear that HIV will develop into AIDS, they have a fear of catching co-existing diseases, they live with the threat of HIV transmission to a loved one. Their life, one way or another, is subject to a schedule in which one can not be late for a second with taking pills, you can not fail to follow the advice of a doctor, and in no case can a doctor’s admission be missed. And in order to become happy people and tell other HIV-positive people that “diagnosis is not a sentence,” all these people had to go through a difficult path, filled with tears of relatives from a misunderstanding of the situation, their own shock, acceptance of the situation and the restructuring of life under the new rules. Hence the logical question is: is disorderly behavior and unwillingness to follow one’s life worth living with HIV?

True, I have another question in connection with such precedents: what are the accents that need to be placed when informing the public? Is the method of successful work intimidating? Is it really only on pain of suffering and inevitable death that a person can begin to take care of himself? After all, no one turns the tongue to say such a thing about oncological diseases …

In fact, I very much hope that such positions are an exception, which, with a more thorough immersion in the explanations, will evaporate. I just understand that you can not intimidate – then we will lose people who still come to independently test their HIV status, those who are open to their loved ones and return to their usual life with their relatives. But how then should such information campaigns be built to cover all aspects of the problem? While for me this is an open question. If I find on it a one hundred percent answer, then I will write in the next column.

As for a friend who “bravely looks into the face of a possible disease,” I tried to do the most that depended on me – I gave food for thought. Whoever uses it is a matter for everyone … I hope that other people will not suffer from his decision.

The spread of HIV among members of sexual minorities

For a very long timeHIV infection was considered a disease of homosexualsThis was facilitated by the fact that for the first time this disease was diagnosed in the representatives of sexual minoritiesTodaythe myth that only homosexuals can be infected with HIV is dispelledAbsolutely everyone is at risk of contracting HIV infectionpensionersschoolchildrenbankerspoliticians and plumbers – but only those who do not follow the rules of preventionlead a promiscuous sexual lifeuse injecting drugsengage in unprotected sex . Neverthelesshomosexuals remain one of the risk groups.

This is confirmed by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS). As a result of the research conducted by this ProgramHIV among homosexuals and bisexuals is much more prevalent than among heterosexual peopleFrom a biological point of viewthis is due to the fact that when copulating through the anusthe receiving side receives damage to the mucous membranesas a result of which the human immunodeficiency virus enters the body much easierHoweverstudies suggest that anal sexwith respect to HIVis equally dangerous for both receiving men and womenBut in heterosexual couplescopulation through the anus is much less popular than in homosexual and bisexual couplesAs a resulthomosexuals who practice anal sex are at greatest riskIn additionoftenit is among homosexuals that promiscuous sexual contacts are widespreadwhich undoubtedly significantly increases the risk of HIV infectionThe reasons for this sexual behavior are seen by many specialists in the absence of a culture of relations between homosexual couplesand the rejection of such couples by society plays an important roleIn additiona negative attitude towards homosexuals often leads to the fact that this group of people is not sufficiently informed about methods of HIV preventionAnd this already leads to the fact that homosexuals neglect the use of condoms.

Neverthelessthere is an increasing awareness of the importance of preventive work with men who have sex with menSo on the international platform this issue is given more and more attention – in early 2016 in Geneva there was an installation conference of a new advisory bodywhose activities will be aimed at preventing and preventing the spread of HIV among homosexualsThe name of this body is the Global Platform for Accelerating the Response to the HIV Epidemic among gay men and other men who have sex with menOne of the initiators of this body was UNAIDSAt the first meeting of the Global Platformit was noted that today in all regions of the world the number of HIVpositive people is increasing precisely among homosexualsThe reason is that this population does not directly participate in the development of HIV response strategies at various levelsExperts are sure that the creation of the Global Platform will be an excellent help in combating the spread of HIV infection not only among these groups of the populationbut in general.

Today we can say with certainty that problems with HIV prevention certainly existhowevera lot of work is donewhich will result in a significant reduction in HIVpositive.

Do I need a condom spouses?

From what a condom is able to protectand whether it is possible to catch an infection without having sexual intercourse.

Some people do not consider using condoms if they are marriedconsidering them only as a protection against unwanted pregnancyIndeedcompared to other contraceptivessuch as birth control pillsan IUDand even an interrupted sexual intercoursethe condom is the most reliableIn additionsome of the above contraceptives may have contraindicationsas well as unpleasant and even dangerous consequencesso they should be used only after examination by doctors.

Do not forget (and this is the most important thingthat a condom is also a method of protecting against sexually transmitted diseasesHerethe couple may have a conflict on the basis of mistrustbecause many people mistakenly believe that it is possible to catch the infection only through sexual intercoursewhich means that one of the partnersmost likely the one who spoke about the condomabsolutely does not trust his wife and suspects him of infidelityIn factyou can get infected not only through the bedThe fact is that viruses can be picked up in a public toiletand the infection is not only on the toilet seatin the bathpoolduring a visit to the beauty salon or when drawing a tattooIn generalpartners have reasons to fear and protect themselveseven if they are confident in each other for 100%.

Often and regularly check your body for the presence of infections of timenot enough for everyoneso it happens that the couple are infected with a virus that develops differently in the body of eachand with the next sexpartners exchange new virusesOf courseone of the most terrible such viruses is HIV infectionwhich can develop in the body unnoticed for a very long timeAnd often it happens that one partner infects another by ignoranceafter which the state of both worsensThis is perhaps one of the main reasons for using a condombecause it reduces the risk of infection by 80%, compared with the risk of unprotected sexHencethe probability of obtaining a virus during sexual contact using a condom is less than 1%. But in any caseit is necessary and necessary to regularly take an HIV test to be sure that not only youbut your loved oneare not at risk.

But thisof courseis far from all unpleasant consequencesUsing a condom significantly reduces the likelihood of infection with gonorrheapapillomavirus and genital herpesIn additionthanks to this contraceptiveyou will not become infected with chlamydia and trichomoniasis during sexual intercourseby the waythese diseases can be picked up by the way of lifeThereforethe fact that one of the spouses discovered these infections in themselves does not at all mean that this person “walks to the left.”

A condom can protect not only from infectious diseasesAccording to some researchersthis method of contraception reduces the risk of oncology in humansespecially in the prevention of cervical cancerScientists explain this by the fact that semen contains a certain hormone that can increase the likelihood of oncological diseases.

Thereforeeven in a conjugal relationshipdo not neglect the use of a condomThis does not mean that you do not believe each otherratherit is a way to prove your care and love once again.

Who should inform people about HIV and about the possibility to pass the test

Todayin the information ageit is extremely difficult to obtain the most currentcomplete and competent dataThere is a lot of talk about HIV and AIDSbut it is important to know where the information will be most correct.

Information on HIV can now be obtained from absolutely different sourcesWe hear about the virus and on televisionread on Internet portalssometimes even in public transport advertisementsThis information is very important and must reach its addresseeBut where can I get full information about the human immunodeficiency virusWho should tell us about HIVAnd what if we decided to take an HIV testbut do not know where it can be doneYou will receive answers to these questions by reading this article

Firstyou can apply to the center for the prevention and control of AIDS and infectious diseases of your cityThis is a state organizationwhich means that all the materials provided on the info stands are the most correct and completeIf you have a lot of questions about HIVand you can not answer them on your ownthere are phones in AIDS centers where you can call and get answersIn additionit is in AIDS centers that you can get tested for HIV and do it absolutely free of charge and anonymouslyAnd if suddenly the result of the test was positivethen you can get treatment in the centerInformation about where the AIDS center of your city is located can be found at http://ospide.ru/test/where/.

Secondlyinformation about HIV can be found in most medical institutionswhere posters and booklets with information are placed on special stands and standsThere you can get advice on HIVIn all state polyclinicsas well as in a number of private clinicsone can get tested for HIV.

Thirdlyin the organization where you study or workthere must be a person who has relevant information about the whereabouts of AIDS centers in your cityIn the firstaid posts of your institutionsthere is probably an information poster on infectious diseasesand the nurse is ready to give you the necessary information about the addresses and phone numbers of various AIDS centerswhere you can contact.

Fourthlyin our timea large number of events are held that allow you to learn more about how HIV is transmittedwhat HIV isand how it differs from AIDSand to make a free anonymous rapid test for HIV status . By the waythe AIDS center can come directly to your institution if the management of the organization is interested in it.

Fifthlyvarious public organizations in your city conduct trainings and lectures on HIV preventionTo attend such a lecture will not only be excitingbut also usefulIn additionyou can contact them with a question about the whereabouts of AIDS centers in your citylectures and promotions on this topicAlso representatives of such organizations often visit schoolscolleges and collegeswhich work directly with young people.

Most importantlytoday the problem of the spread of HIV is receiving increasing attentionThere are more and more places where you can get information about the virus and how they do not get infectedDo not hesitate to learn new things about HIVbecause this information can save you from a dangerous illnessGo to lecturesparticipate in promotionsand most importantly – periodically take tests to avoid unpleasant consequences.

The rights of consumers or how not to become infected with HIV in public places

Unfortunatelytoday in our country the number of infected with HIV infection increasesSince the first virus was discovered in 1987the number of infected people in our country has increased from zero to 750,000All these people theoretically can infect youwhich is why they are registered with the dispensary and undergo regular examinationsHoweverfor the state in the first place is the prevention of the spread of HIV among the population of our country.

We all go to shopstheatersparks and other public placesSurelyevery once in a lifetime asked the question: “Can I get anything in this place?” This is exactly what we are going to talk with today.

The immunodeficiency virus outside the body is very unstable and lives no more than a couple of minutesbut many people think that it is possible to get infected through a mosquito bite or a kissLet’s figure it outOur skin is an excellent barrier to penetration into the body of many virusesincluding HIVTo have an infectionit is necessary that the infection penetrated into the bodyand for this you need a little more than a simple handshakeThereforeboldly shake hands on the street (even if you have small scratchesit’s okaythe virus can not penetrate the body). Alsothrough a kissthe infection can not move to your bodybecause in order for it to do so you need to drink at least three liters of saliva from an infected personWith then it is still more difficultyou will be able to get infected through it only if you are already pumped in as much as 200 litersThe chance of contracting HIV in a bustram or other public transport is zerounless you areof coursegoing to have unprotected sex there with an unverified partner.

The story of mosquitoes that will drink blood from HIVpositiveand then spread across the country – is nothing more than a mythIt is known that a mosquito who has drunk blood will not bite a second timeAnd in the proboscis he does not have bloodonly saliva.

For beauty salons there is a whole set of rules about the presence of removable linerssterilizers and several sets of toolsAlsoall employees must strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene and keep their workplace cleanTry to choose only proven salonsask them to tell you about how they sterilize and process tools.

In the Criminal Code of the Russian Federationarticle 122 states that “a deliberate decision of another person in the risk of contracting HIV” is punishableIn this caseHIVpositive can be deprived of freedom for three yearsAlso in this article it is indicated that any person who improperly performs the serviceas a result of which another person is exposed to the risk of infection with the immunodeficiency viruscan be deprived of liberty for a term of up to five years with deprivation of the right to engage in their professional activities.

It is important to remember that HIVpositive people are not dangerousThe virus itself is dangerousand it can only be infected by sexat birth or through breast milk.

How rapidly HIV progresses in different people

What influences the rapid occurrence of AIDS, and how to reduce the risk of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

The same disease in all people takes place in different ways, especially when it comes to the development of the disease and the deterioration of the condition. Of course, this also applies to HIV infection. As you know, after a short period of deterioration, a person can live with this virus for many years, completely unaware that he is infected with an incurable disease, and that cells of his immunity die every minute, protecting the health of the body. But sooner or later immunity is exhausted, which means one thing – AIDS. The syndrome of acquired immunodeficiency is the extreme stage of the human body’s defeat by HIV infection, which can no longer go unnoticed, because the health of the infected person will greatly deteriorate and may turn fatal.

The period when the virus remains unnoticed can be both very long, for example, about 20 years, and extremely short-lived. If you do not go through treatment and continue to lead an unhealthy lifestyle, AIDS can develop in a person in a few years, and sometimes from the moment of infection does not last a year. In general, the average life expectancy of an HIV-positive person without the necessary treatment is 10 years from the moment of infection with the virus. But, of course, this figure depends on the individual characteristics of a person, because each of us leads a different lifestyle, eats different foods and communicates with different people.

In history, unique cases are known when HIV-infected people have lived without treatment for many years, but they are not for nothing called unique, because most often the period of life with HIV without treatment does not exceed ten years. Therefore, doctors are strongly advised to take a regular HIV test and know their HIV status on a regular basis. The treatment can make a person practically healthy and reduce the viral load to an almost imperceptible level. Science has reached the point that even sex with HIV-positive people, who undergo antiretroviral therapy and is regularly checked by a doctor, can become almost safe, but this, of course, does not mean that you can afford to ignore the use of contraceptives. So, treatment is one of the most effective ways to live with an HIV-infected person for a long time and happily. Increasingly, patients of AIDS centers create families, give birth to children – in general, live a full life. In people undergoing antiretroviral therapy, HIV develops extremely slowly, and even more often – it returns to the very beginning stage and does not cause irreparable harm to health.

There are several other factors influencing the rate of HIV development. So, a person who leads a healthy lifestyle and sports, has high immunity, so that the body can resist HIV longer, but, as is known, sooner or later the virus will win. Conversely, if a person takes drugs, does not disdain messy sexual relations, eats harmful food, often suffers and already has a number of opportunistic diseases, the virus will spread rapidly throughout the body and bring it to AIDS. After all, the immune system of such an HIV-positive will be practically unable to fight the virus. But in either case, knowing your HIV status is necessary, and if the test shows a positive result, every patient should regularly go to the doctor for examination.

Drugs and HIV

What happens to the body of an HIVpositive addict?

It’s no secret that the virus of immunodeficiency often occurs in drug usersMore than 30of people who take drugs have a positive HIV statusThe risk of contracting this infection is associated with repeated use of disposable instruments intended for intravenous administration of drugs or drugs.

A person with an immunodeficiency virus has very weak immunityso is it worth it to further undermine one’s health while continuing to use drugs already having HIVpositive status?

The influence of narcotic substances on the course of infection has not been sufficiently studied to dateHoweverit is clear that a person who continues to use drugs with not the best immunityclearly does not care about his healthHe can be disturbed by sleep and diet (just because of the intake of “substances“), this leads to an even weaker immunityAndas you knowweak immunity is prone to diseases stronger than usualThereforemany people living with HIV often suffer from a coldIs it even more necessary to expose your body to attacks of infections and viruses for the sake of fleeting “buzz“?

Alsomany drugs can increase the side effects of antiretroviral therapyUnder the influence of narcotic substancesyou can easily forget to take therapyand this is fraught with a mutation of the virus and the emergence of resistance (resistanceto antiretroviral drugsAnd how to deal with the virus if the drugs stop working on itThat is why it is very important to comply with the schedule of taking therapyand drink tablets continuously.

Some drugs can influence the effects of drugsThe liver breaks down certain components of the drugs used to fight the immunodeficiency virusThis is especially true for various protease inhibitors and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitorsDrugs slow down the cleavage processwhich can lead to a significant overdose of drugs or drugsExceeding the tolerable dosage of antiretroviral therapy can cause serious side effectsincluding coma and death.

When treating it is very important to stop taking intravenous drugsso if you can give up – throwBut one failure does not improve healthIt’s important to follow a dietstick to a healthy lifestyle and play sportsAll thisof courseneeds to be done under the strict guidance of a doctor who will help to plan and diettalk about all sports (or just exercisesthat you can doand also monitor your viral load and adjust the intake of antiretroviral drugs.

Your health is only in your handsAnd all the bad habits – it’s a step backstep into the abyssThink whether the minutes of pleasure from drugs are such serious consequences?

How rapidly HIV progresses in different people

What influences the rapid occurrence of AIDSand how to reduce the risk of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

The same disease in all people takes place in different waysespecially when it comes to the development of the disease and the deterioration of the conditionOf coursethis also applies to HIV infectionAs you knowafter a short period of deteriorationa person can live with this virus for many yearscompletely unaware that he is infected with an incurable diseaseand that cells of his immunity die every minuteprotecting the health of the bodyBut sooner or later immunity is exhaustedwhich means one thing – AIDSThe syndrome of acquired immunodeficiency is the extreme stage of the human body’s defeat by HIV infectionwhich can no longer go unnoticedbecause the health of the infected person will greatly deteriorate and may turn fatal.

The period when the virus remains unnoticed can be both very longfor exampleabout 20 yearsand extremely shortlivedIf you do not go through treatment and continue to lead an unhealthy lifestyleAIDS can develop in a person in a few yearsand sometimes from the moment of infection does not last a yearIn generalthe average life expectancy of an HIVpositive person without the necessary treatment is 10 years from the moment of infection with the virusButof coursethis figure depends on the individual characteristics of a personbecause each of us leads a different lifestyleeats different foods and communicates with different people.

In historyunique cases are known when HIVinfected people have lived without treatment for many yearsbut they are not for nothing called uniquebecause most often the period of life with HIV without treatment does not exceed ten yearsThereforedoctors are strongly advised to take a regular HIV test and know their HIV status on a regular basisThe treatment can make a person practically healthy and reduce the viral load to an almost imperceptible levelScience has reached the point that even sex with HIVpositive peoplewho undergo antiretroviral therapy and is regularly checked by a doctorcan become almost safebut thisof coursedoes not mean that you can afford to ignore the use of contraceptivesSotreatment is one of the most effective ways to live with an HIVinfected person for a long time and happilyIncreasinglypatients of AIDS centers create familiesgive birth to children – in generallive a full lifeIn people undergoing antiretroviral therapyHIV develops extremely slowlyand even more often – it returns to the very beginning stage and does not cause irreparable harm to health.

There are several other factors influencing the rate of HIV developmentSoa person who leads a healthy lifestyle and sportshas high immunityso that the body can resist HIV longerbutas is knownsooner or later the virus will winConverselyif a person takes drugsdoes not disdain messy sexual relationseats harmful foodoften suffers and already has a number of opportunistic diseasesthe virus will spread rapidly throughout the body and bring it to AIDSAfter allthe immune system of such an HIVpositive will be practically unable to fight the virusBut in either caseknowing your HIV status is necessaryand if the test shows a positive resultevery patient should regularly go to the doctor for examination.