When we learn something new for ourselves and, most likely, new to our friends, we always try to share this information with as many people as possible. Especially if this “something” refers to issues of health and well-being. For me, such important information has recently become knowledge about HIV infection. Fortunately, only in theory. But nevertheless, this topic has strongly affected me and I decided …
For a very long time, HIV infection was considered a disease of homosexuals. This was facilitated by the fact that for the first time this disease was diagnosed in the representatives of sexual minorities. Today, the myth that only homosexuals can be infected with HIV is dispelled. Absolutely everyone is at risk of contracting HIV infection: pensioners, schoolchildren, bankers, politicians and plumbers – but only those who do not follow the rules of prevention, lead a promiscuous sexual life, use injecting drugs, engage in unprotected sex . Nevertheless, homosexuals remain one of the risk groups. This is confirmed by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS). As a result of the research conducted by this Program, HIV among homosexuals and bisexuals is much more prevalent than among heterosexual people. From a biological point of view, this is due to the fact that when copulating through the anus, the receiving side receives damage to the mucous membranes, as a result of which the human immunodeficiency virus enters the body much easier. However, studies suggest that anal sex, with respect to HIV, is equally dangerous for both receiving men and women. But in heterosexual couples, copulation through the anus is much less popular than in homosexual and bisexual couples. As a result, homosexuals who practice anal sex are at greatest risk. In addition, often, it is among homosexuals that promiscuous sexual contacts are widespread, which undoubtedly significantly increases the risk of HIV infection. The reasons for this sexual behavior are seen by many specialists in the absence of a culture of relations between homosexual couples, and the rejection of such couples by society plays an important role. In addition, a negative attitude towards homosexuals often leads to the fact that this group of people is not sufficiently informed about methods of HIV prevention. And this already leads to the fact that homosexuals neglect the use of condoms. Nevertheless, there is an increasing awareness of the importance of preventive work with men who have sex with men. So on the international platform this issue is given more and more attention – in early 2016 in Geneva there was an installation conference of a new advisory body, whose activities will be aimed at preventing and preventing the spread of HIV among homosexuals. The name of this body is the Global Platform for Accelerating the Response to the HIV Epidemic among gay men and other men who have sex with men. One of the initiators of this body was UNAIDS. At the first meeting of the Global Platform, it was noted that today in all regions of the world the number of HIV–positive people is increasing precisely among homosexuals. The reason is that this population does not directly participate in the development of HIV response strategies at various levels. Experts are sure that the creation of the Global Platform will be an excellent help in combating the spread of HIV infection not only among these groups of the population, but in general. Today we can say with certainty that problems with HIV prevention certainly exist, however, a lot of work is done, which will result in a significant reduction in HIV–positive.
From what a condom is able to protect, and whether it is possible to catch an infection without having sexual intercourse. Some people do not consider using condoms if they are married, considering them only as a protection against unwanted pregnancy. Indeed, compared to other contraceptives, such as birth control pills, an IUD, and even an interrupted sexual intercourse, the condom is the most reliable. In addition, some of the above contraceptives may have contraindications, as well as unpleasant and even dangerous consequences, so they should be used only after examination by doctors. Do not forget (and this is the most important thing) that a condom is also a method of protecting against sexually transmitted diseases. Here, the couple may have a conflict on the basis of mistrust, because many people mistakenly believe that it is possible to catch the infection only through sexual intercourse, which means that one of the partners, most likely the one who spoke about the condom, absolutely does not trust his wife and suspects him of infidelity. In fact, you can get infected not only through the bed. The fact is that viruses can be picked up in a public toilet, and the infection is not only on the toilet seat, in the bath, pool, during a visit to the beauty salon or when drawing a tattoo. In general, partners have reasons to fear and protect themselves, even if they are confident in each other for 100%. Often and regularly check your body for the presence of infections of time, not enough for everyone, so it happens that the couple are infected with a virus that develops differently in the body of each, and with the next sex, partners exchange new viruses. Of course, one of the most terrible such viruses is HIV infection, which can develop in the body unnoticed for a very long time. And often it happens that one partner infects another by ignorance, after which the state of both worsens. This is perhaps one of the main reasons for using a condom, because it reduces the risk of infection by 80%, compared with the risk of unprotected sex. Hence, the probability of obtaining a virus during sexual contact using a condom is less than 1%. But in any case, it is necessary and necessary to regularly take an HIV test to be sure that not only you, but your loved one, are not at risk. But this, of course, is far from all unpleasant consequences. Using a condom significantly reduces the likelihood of infection with gonorrhea, papillomavirus and genital herpes. In addition, thanks to this contraceptive, you will not become infected with chlamydia and trichomoniasis during sexual intercourse, by the way, these diseases can be picked up by the way of life. Therefore, the fact that one of the spouses discovered these infections in themselves does not at all mean that this person “walks to the left.” A condom can protect not only from infectious diseases. According to some researchers, this method of contraception reduces the risk of oncology in humans, especially in the prevention of cervical cancer. Scientists explain this by the fact that semen contains a certain hormone that can increase the likelihood of oncological diseases. Therefore, even in a conjugal relationship, do not neglect the use of a condom. This does not mean that you do not believe each other, rather, it is a way to prove your care and love once again.
Today, in the information age, it is extremely difficult to obtain the most current, complete and competent data. There is a lot of talk about HIV and AIDS, but it is important to know where the information will be most correct. Information on HIV can now be obtained from absolutely different sources. We hear about the virus and on television, read on Internet portals, sometimes even in public transport advertisements. This information is very important and must reach its addressee. But where can I get full information about the human immunodeficiency virus? Who should tell us about HIV? And what if we decided to take an HIV test, but do not know where it can be done? You will receive answers to these questions by reading this article First, you can apply to the center for the prevention and control of AIDS and infectious diseases of your city. This is a state organization, which means that all the materials provided on the info stands are the most correct and complete. If you have a lot of questions about HIV, and you can not answer them on your own, there are phones in AIDS centers where you can call and get answers. In addition, it is in AIDS centers that you can get tested for HIV and do it absolutely free of charge and anonymously. And if suddenly the result of the test was positive, then you can get treatment in the center. Information about where the AIDS center of your city is located can be found at http://o–spide.ru/test/where/. Secondly, information about HIV can be found in most medical institutions, where posters and booklets with information are placed on special stands and stands. There you can get advice on HIV. In all state polyclinics, as well as in a number of private clinics, one can get tested for HIV. Thirdly, in the organization where you study or work, there must be a person who has relevant information about the whereabouts of AIDS centers in your city. In the first–aid posts of your institutions, there is probably an information poster on infectious diseases, and the nurse is ready to give you the necessary information about the addresses and phone numbers of various AIDS centers, where you can contact. Fourthly, in our time, a large number of events are held that allow you to learn more about how HIV is transmitted, what HIV is, and how it differs from AIDS, and to make a free anonymous rapid test for HIV status . By the way, the AIDS center can come directly to your institution if the management of the organization is interested in it. Fifthly, various public organizations in your city conduct trainings and lectures on HIV prevention. To attend such a lecture will not only be exciting, but also useful. In addition, you can contact them with a question about the whereabouts of AIDS centers in your city, lectures and promotions on this topic. Also representatives of such organizations often visit schools, colleges and colleges, which work directly with young people. Most importantly, today the problem of the spread of HIV is receiving increasing attention. There are more and more places where you can get information about the virus and how they do not get infected. Do not hesitate to learn new things about HIV, because this information can save you from a dangerous illness. Go to lectures, participate in promotions, and most importantly – periodically take tests to avoid unpleasant consequences.
Unfortunately, today in our country the number of infected with HIV infection increases. Since the first virus was discovered in 1987, the number of infected people in our country has increased from zero to 750,000. All these people theoretically can infect you, which is why they are registered with the dispensary and undergo regular examinations. However, for the state in the first place is the prevention of the spread of HIV among the population of our country. We all go to shops, theaters, parks and other public places. Surely, every once in a lifetime asked the question: “Can I get anything in this place?” This is exactly what we are going to talk with today. The immunodeficiency virus outside the body is very unstable and lives no more than a couple of minutes, but many people think that it is possible to get infected through a mosquito bite or a kiss. Let’s figure it out. Our skin is an excellent barrier to penetration into the body of many viruses, including HIV. To have an infection, it is necessary that the infection penetrated into the body, and for this you need a little more than a simple handshake. Therefore, boldly shake hands on the street (even if you have small scratches, it’s okay, the virus can not penetrate the body). Also, through a kiss, the infection can not move to your body, because in order for it to do so you need to drink at least three liters of saliva from an infected person. With then it is still more difficult, you will be able to get infected through it only if you are already pumped in as much as 200 liters. The chance of contracting HIV in a bus, tram or other public transport is zero, unless you are, of course, going to have unprotected sex there with an unverified partner. The story of mosquitoes that will drink blood from HIV–positive, and then spread across the country – is nothing more than a myth. It is known that a mosquito who has drunk blood will not bite a second time. And in the proboscis he does not have blood, only saliva. For beauty salons there is a whole set of rules about the presence of removable liners, sterilizers and several sets of tools. Also, all employees must strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene and keep their workplace clean. Try to choose only proven salons, ask them to tell you about how they sterilize and process tools. In the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, article 122 states that “a deliberate decision of another person in the risk of contracting HIV” is punishable. In this case, HIV–positive can be deprived of freedom for three years. Also in this article it is indicated that any person who improperly performs the service, as a result of which another person is exposed to the risk of infection with the immunodeficiency virus, can be deprived of liberty for a term of up to five years with deprivation of the right to engage in their professional activities. It is important to remember that HIV–positive people are not dangerous. The virus itself is dangerous, and it can only be infected by sex, at birth or through breast milk.
What influences the rapid occurrence of AIDS, and how to reduce the risk of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The same disease in all people takes place in different ways, especially when it comes to the development of the disease and the deterioration of the condition. Of course, this also applies to HIV infection. As you know, after a short period of deterioration, a person can live …
What happens to the body of an HIV–positive addict? It’s no secret that the virus of immunodeficiency often occurs in drug users. More than 30% of people who take drugs have a positive HIV status. The risk of contracting this infection is associated with repeated use of disposable instruments intended for intravenous administration of drugs or drugs. A person with an immunodeficiency virus has very weak immunity, so is it worth it to further undermine one’s health while continuing to use drugs already having HIV–positive status? The influence of narcotic substances on the course of infection has not been sufficiently studied to date. However, it is clear that a person who continues to use drugs with not the best immunity, clearly does not care about his health. He can be disturbed by sleep and diet (just because of the intake of “substances“), this leads to an even weaker immunity. And, as you know, weak immunity is prone to diseases stronger than usual. Therefore, many people living with HIV often suffer from a cold. Is it even more necessary to expose your body to attacks of infections and viruses for the sake of fleeting “buzz“? Also, many drugs can increase the side effects of antiretroviral therapy. Under the influence of narcotic substances, you can easily forget to take therapy, and this is fraught with a mutation of the virus and the emergence of resistance (resistance) to antiretroviral drugs. And how to deal with the virus if the drugs stop working on it? That is why it is very important to comply with the schedule of taking therapy, and drink tablets continuously. Some drugs can influence the effects of drugs. The liver breaks down certain components of the drugs used to fight the immunodeficiency virus. This is especially true for various protease inhibitors and non–nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Drugs slow down the cleavage process, which can lead to a significant overdose of drugs or drugs. Exceeding the tolerable dosage of antiretroviral therapy can cause serious side effects, including coma and death. When treating it is very important to stop taking intravenous drugs, so if you can give up – throw! But one failure does not improve health. It’s important to follow a diet, stick to a healthy lifestyle and play sports. All this, of course, needs to be done under the strict guidance of a doctor who will help to plan and diet, talk about all sports (or just exercises) that you can do, and also monitor your viral load and adjust the intake of antiretroviral drugs. Your health is only in your hands! And all the bad habits – it’s a step back, step into the abyss. Think whether the minutes of pleasure from drugs are such serious consequences?
What influences the rapid occurrence of AIDS, and how to reduce the risk of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The same disease in all people takes place in different ways, especially when it comes to the development of the disease and the deterioration of the condition. Of course, this also applies to HIV infection. As you know, after a short period of deterioration, a person can live with this virus for many years, completely unaware that he is infected with an incurable disease, and that cells of his immunity die every minute, protecting the health of the body. But sooner or later immunity is exhausted, which means one thing – AIDS. The syndrome of acquired immunodeficiency is the extreme stage of the human body’s defeat by HIV infection, which can no longer go unnoticed, because the health of the infected person will greatly deteriorate and may turn fatal. The period when the virus remains unnoticed can be both very long, for example, about 20 years, and extremely short–lived. If you do not go through treatment and continue to lead an unhealthy lifestyle, AIDS can develop in a person in a few years, and sometimes from the moment of infection does not last a year. In general, the average life expectancy of an HIV–positive person without the necessary treatment is 10 years from the moment of infection with the virus. But, of course, this figure depends on the individual characteristics of a person, because each of us leads a different lifestyle, eats different foods and communicates with different people. In history, unique cases are known when HIV–infected people have lived without treatment for many years, but they are not for nothing called unique, because most often the period of life with HIV without treatment does not exceed ten years. Therefore, doctors are strongly advised to take a regular HIV test and know their HIV status on a regular basis. The treatment can make a person practically healthy and reduce the viral load to an almost imperceptible level. Science has reached the point that even sex with HIV–positive people, who undergo antiretroviral therapy and is regularly checked by a doctor, can become almost safe, but this, of course, does not mean that you can afford to ignore the use of contraceptives. So, treatment is one of the most effective ways to live with an HIV–infected person for a long time and happily. Increasingly, patients of AIDS centers create families, give birth to children – in general, live a full life. In people undergoing antiretroviral therapy, HIV develops extremely slowly, and even more often – it returns to the very beginning stage and does not cause irreparable harm to health. There are several other factors influencing the rate of HIV development. So, a person who leads a healthy lifestyle and sports, has high immunity, so that the body can resist HIV longer, but, as is known, sooner or later the virus will win. Conversely, if a person takes drugs, does not disdain messy sexual relations, eats harmful food, often suffers and already has a number of opportunistic diseases, the virus will spread rapidly throughout the body and bring it to AIDS. After all, the immune system of such an HIV–positive will be practically unable to fight the virus. But in either case, knowing your HIV status is necessary, and if the test shows a positive result, every patient should regularly go to the doctor for examination.